is Andrew W. Mellon Professor in the Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures at the University of Chicago. He is the author of the first book on modern Macedonian published in the United States and has published extensively on the Balkan languages, especially Macedonian, Albanian, Bulgarian, Romani, and Aromanian as well as Turkish, Romanian, Greek, Judezmo, and Serbian. A member of the Macedonian Academy of Arts and Sciences since 1994, he also received the "1300" Years Bulgaria Jubilee Medal for his contributions to Bulgarian linguistics in 1981 and the Golden Plaque Award from the University of Skopje in 1991. He has also published articles in Studia Albanica and Studime, the journal of the Kosovo Academy of Arts and Sciences. Friedman has lectured on Balkan linguistics at the U. S. Foreign Service Institute, the Linguistic Society of America Summer Institute, Sts. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, Central European University - Budapest, the University of Kyoto, the National University of Malaysia, and elsewhere. He has also served as an analyst or consultant for the United Nations, Council on Foreign Relations, International Crisis Group, U. S. Institute for Peace, etc. His other major area of expertise is the Caucasus, especially Lak, a language of Daghestan. .